The aim of this societal challenge is to achieve a European transport system that is resource-efficient, climate- and environmentally friendly, safe and seamless for the benefit of all citizens, the economy and society. Research and innovation will substantially contribute to the development and take up of the necessary solutions for all transport modes.
The research and innovation opportunities in transport are organised around 3 calls:
In addition to the three Calls for proposal, other actions will be implemented by calls for tenders or by other instruments (‘Other actions’). These actions are part of the Transport Challenge envelope and complement the content of the Calls.
Research and innovation will substantially contribute to the development and take up of the necessary solutions for all transport modes, which will drastically reduce transport's emissions that are harmful to the environment (such as CO2, NOx, and SOx), lower its dependence on fossil fuels, and hence reduce transport impact on biodiversity and preserve natural resources. To this end Europe has set a policy target of achieving a 60% reduction of CO2 by 2050, halving the use of ‘conventionally-fuelled’ cars in cities and achieving virtually CO2-free city logistics in major urban centres by 2030. Low-carbon fuels in aviation should reach 40% by 2050, and CO2 emissions from maritime bunker fuels should be reduced by 40% by 2050.