The aim of this societal challenge is to support the transition to a reliable, publicly accepted, sustainable and competitive energy system. This system will be less fossil-fuel dependent than today and thus cope with scarcer resources, increasing energy needs and climate change.
The research and innovation opportunities in energy are organised around energy efficiency, competitive low-carbon energy and smart cities and communities.
The energy sources and consumption patterns of Europe's industries, transport, buildings, towns and cities are largely unsustainable, leading to significant environmental and climate change impacts. The development of near-zero-emission buildings, highly efficient industries and mass take up of energy-efficient approaches by companies, individuals, communities and cities will require not only technological advances but also non-technological solutions such as new advisory, financing and demand management services.